Sunday, June 23, 2013

Maya city in Georgia Mountains By: Richard Thornton

Re-discovered book confirms Maya city and Roanoke colonists in Georgia Mountains

Two popular segments of the History Channel’s America Unearthed examined these mysterie
America has a secret history. On June 18, 2013 a modest, unpaid researcher for the People of One Fire Native American research alliance turned that history upside down. Marilyn Rae is a graduate of Boston University with a degree in Spanish language and Spanish literature. In the years since graduation she has become an expert linguist of the Mediterranean languages and does independent research on the period when Spain was colonizing the New World.
Marilyn was in her first day of helping out colleagues with the translation of some odd personal names associated with an enigmatic Spanish-speaking “tribe” in the Georgia Mountains, named the Bohurans. She was able to translate almost all the strange sounding words provided in “An Early History of Jackson County, Georgia,” which was originally written in the early 1800s. The names are Portuguese, Hebrew, Spanish, Arabic, French and Dutch. The word, Bohuran is French Breton (Celtic) and means “drum.”
The translation of the names, alone, changes the history of the Southeastern United States. There was a polyglot colony of European colonists living in the Southern Appalachians and mining gold a full century before England began colonizing the Lower Southeast. Both Great Britain and later, American historians covered up their existence to strengthen the claim of the British Crown, and later, the United States, to all of North America.

The Bohurans lived in a province in northern Georgia that the French called Bemarin. Lacking anything else to do that afternoon, Mary searched for information about Bemarin at the libraries of several Ivy League universities. She found a book in the rare books collection of the John Carter Brown Library at Brown University which included a Europeanized drawing of the capital of the Apalache at Track Rock Gap. The book was written by French Huguenot, Charles de Rochefort, and published by Arnout Leers in Rotterdam in 1665. The purpose of the book was to encourage disfranchised French Huguenots and Sephardic Jews to immigrate to the Western Antilles and Southeastern North America.
The chapter on the Georgia Mountains was actually written in the early 1600s by a man, who had traded with the Apalache People living there. The original booklet was entitled, Paysage de la Province de Bemarin au Royaume de Apalache. [Journey to the Province of Bemarin in the Kingdom of the Apalache] The Province of Bemarin in northern Georgia still existed until the French & Indian War period in the 1700s.

The rare book has been long forgotten by New England scholars. A brief description of the book collection where it was stored, explains why. It was interpreted as being one of those fantasies by European authors, who had never been in North America. The card catalog states that the book is a description of the "mythical kingdom of Apalache."
Neither the Apalachee nor Timucua Indians of Florida called themselves by those names. The names were given them by the Spanish. The real Apalachee Indians lived in the Georgia and North Carolina Mountains. However, New England scholars didn’t know that. A professor sarcastically commented, “This book is obviously of no historical value because it places mountains, waterfalls and gold mines in Florida.”
The illustration in the book also destroyed its credibility with scholars. It showed large stone buildings and stone-walled terraces going up a steep mountainside. Everyone knew that the Southeastern Indians didn’t know how to build stone structures.

History erased
According to the book, French Huguenot and Spanish traders made contact with Kingdom of Apalache in the Georgia Mountains during the mid-1500s and continued to both trade and live in the Southern Appalachians throughout the 1600s. This is not stated in official history books.
Some traders were permitted to visit the capital of the Apalache, called the Quechua word, Motelot, or the Maya word, Copal. It was a large town built of stone on terraces rising up the side of the highest mountain in the region. There were two large stone structures at the top of the acropolis. The Temple of the Sun was rectangular and contained a fire that always burned. Only priests were allowed to go within its inner sanctum. In back of it was a round, stone temple, which functioned as an observatory. One can still see rectangular and round stone foundations at this location at the Track Rock ruins.
The drawing shows agave-type plants with a large single flowers growing on the terraces. This may be the Dutch artist’s misinterpretation of a sunflower. As drawn, however, they look like several tropical flowers that grow on the humid east slopes of the Andes.

The palace of the king, called a Paracus, was on a lower terrace on the mountainside. Paracus is the ethnic name of the people who created the Nazca Lines in Peru. The word, Peru, is derived from their name. Native Americans living east of Track Rock Gap in 2012 were found to carry high levels of Maya and South American DNA.
All of the Native American words recorded in the book are either Itza Maya or Quechua (South American). There are no Muskogee or Cherokee words. This totally negates the public claims made on behalf of the US Forest Service by the Tribal Cultural Preservation Officers of the Muscogee-Creek Nation in Oklahoma and Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians in North Carolina that “the Track Rock ruins constituted a ceremonial site built by the Cherokee and Muscogee-Creek Indians.”
The Muskogee-Creek Indians never lived in the Georgia Mountains. The mountains and eastern Georgia were always the territory of the Itsate-Creek Indians. Recent, comprehensive DNA testing at the North Carolina Cherokee Reservation have found the Cherokees to be a Middle Eastern population with very little Native American DNA. They are the descendants of 17th century escaped Muslim prisoners of war and Spanish Sephardic refugees. The Track Rock Complex was started around 1000 AD or earlier.

The lost Roanoke Colonists
Late in the afternoon of June 18th, Rae sent an email to a People of One Fire member that contained the fanciful drawing of the Track Rock terrace complex. As the email was forwarded around the nation, other researchers were astonished to find in the book’s text, a description of the lost Roanoke Island colonists.
After visiting with the King of the Apalachee in his capital, the Frenchmen traveled southward for a day to a beautiful valley where English Protestants, who were survivors of a colony in Virginia, re-established themselves. They had built a village and a Protestant chapel. Several had Native American spouses.
In 1940 a Nacoochee Valley farmer found a stack of slate slabs in a cave, inscribed with Elizabethan English words. One of them was the grave marker of Eleanor Dare. At the time, these slabs were assumed to be hoaxes because it was ludicrous to believe that the survivors of the Roanoke Colony would have walked to the Nacoochee Valley. Now it is known that these disparaged artifacts are probably real. They are stored at Brenau University in Gainesville, GA.

One of the founding members of the People of One Fire is a PhD archivist, is fluent in Late Medieval French. As soon as “Paysage de la Province de Bemarin au Royaume de Apalache is fully translated and analyzed, the group plans to post the translation on its web site for the public to read.
Diseases, introduced by European explorers and immigrants, repeatedly swept through the Southern Appalachians during the late 1500s and 1600s. The indigenous population steadily declined and became increasingly unable to defend itself from invaders.
At the same time that the printer in Rotterdam was setting his type, the Colony of Virginia passed a law institutionalizing slavery for the first time in English history. The Rickohocken Indians were given firearms and a contract to do an ethnic cleansing of the Southeast. Hundreds of thousands of Southeastern Indians would be marched off to slavery or else killed in the slave raids.

The world described in the book, re-discovered by Marilyn Rae, would be gone in a few years. European maps continued to label the mountainous region around the border between Georgia and North Carolina as "Apalache" until 1717. However, by then there were pathetically few survivors.

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