Since the first KeyStone pipeline began operation in June 2010, at least 35 spills have
occurred in The United States and Canada. in its first year, The spill frequency for
KeyStone’s USA segment was 100 Times higher Than Transcanada forecast.
Hidden underground lies the Ogallala Aquifer, holding more water than Lake Huron, and spread over an area seven times the size of the massive "lake"! The bulk of the aquifer’s water is ancient, having filled the Ogallala rock formation during the wetter climate at the end of the Ice Age35
Tar sands oil is transported through pipelines as diluted bitumen, a mixture of bitumen (raw tar sands)
and light natural gas liquids or other volatile petroleum products. Spills from pipelines transporting diluted
bitumen, conventional oil, and other hazardous liquids happen frequently—but their impact on workers,
businesses, and communities is not widely recognized. Between 2002 and 2011, there were more than
3,700 pipeline spills in the U.S.in 2010 alone, U.S. pipeline spills and explosions released more than
173,000 barrels of hazardous liquids into the environment and caused $1.1 billion in damage
The United States section is 2,219 kilometres (1,379 mi) long. It runs through Buchanan, Clinton and Caldwell counties in Missouri, and Nemaha, Brownand Doniphan counties in Kansas. Phase 1 went online in June 2010.
From Steele City, Nebraska, the 291 miles (468 km) Keystone-Cushing pipeline was routed through Kansas to the oil hub and tank farm in Cushing, Oklahoma in 2010 and went online in February 2011.Follow link for full Cornell University Report